Elba is a village in Howard County, Nebraska, United States. The population was 243 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Grand Island, Nebraska Micropolitan Statistical Area.
Elba is located at 41°17′6″N 98°34′6″W / 41.285°N 98.56833°W / 41.285; -98.56833 (41.284879, -98.568365).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.4 square miles (1.0 km²), all of it land.