Cazenovia is a town in Madison County, New York, United States. The population was 6,481 at the 2000 census. The town is named after Theophilus Cazenove, an agent of the Holland Land Company.
The Town of Cazenovia has a village also named Cazenovia. The town is on the west border of the county.
The Town of Cazenovia was established in 1793 by the Towns of Whitestown, New York and Paris, New York (both in Oneida County, New York) before the creation of Madison County. Subsequently, other towns in the county were formed from partitions of its territory. Cazenovia was part of a region called "The Gore," based on a surveying error.