Elizabethtown is a town in Essex County, New York, United States. The population was 1,315 at the 2000 census. The county seat of Essex County is a hamlet also called Elizabethtown. The name is derived from Elizabeth Gilliland, the wife of an early settler.
The Town of Elizabethtown is in the east-central part of the county. It is 27 miles (44 km) southwest of Burlington, VT, 92 miles (148 km) south of Montreal, Quebec, and 106 miles (171 km) north of Albany, New York. The town calls itself the "Pleasant Valley."
William Gilliland, an investor, bought up large tracts of land in Essex County. The town was first settled around 1792 near New Russia.