Geneseo (pronounced /ˌdʒɛnɨsiːoʊ/) is the name of a town and its village in Livingston County in the Finger Lakes region of New York, USA, outside of Rochester, New York. The town's population is approximately 9,600, of which about 7,600 live in the village. The English name "Geneseo" is an anglicization of the Iroquois name for the earlier Iroquois town there, Gen-nis-he-yo (which means "beautiful valley").
The village of Geneseo is the county seat of Livingston County and is entirely contained within the western part of the town at the junction of Routes 39, 63, and U.S. 20A A portion of the village — the Geneseo Historic District — was designated a National Historic Landmark by the United States Department of the Interior in 1991.
The site of Geneseo was the largest[clarification needed] Seneca village, and a center of power for the Iroquois nation. It was also the "bread basket" of the tribe, with orchards, vineyards, and fields of maize and vegetables.