Mayville is a village in Chautauqua County, New York, United States. The population was 1,709 at the 2010 census, which is down 2.7% from the 2000 census.
The Village of Mayville is in the Town of Chautauqua, and is the county seat of Chautauqua County. The Village and Town offices share a building on Main Street, directly across from the Chautauqua County courthouse.
The first settlement in the county was at this location in 1804, and the Village of Mayville was incorporated in 1830. A noted incident in the community's early history came in 1836 when local residents rioted against the Holland Land Company and broke into its office, destroying furniture and papers.