Orangeburg hamlet (and census-designated place), in the Town of Orangetown Rockland County, New York, United States located north of Tappan; south of Blauvelt; east of Pearl River and west of Piermont. The population was 3,388 at the 2000 census.
Orangeburg is located at 41°2′41″N 73°57′12″W / 41.04472°N 73.95333°W / 41.04472; -73.95333 (41.044796, -73.953404).
Orangeburg was home to Camp Shanks, “Last Stop USA,” the largest World War II Army embarkation camp, 1.3 million US service personnel en route to Europe were processed at a sprawling camp that covered most of the town. It is also home to what was once one of the world's largest psychiatric hospitals, Rockland Psychiatric Center, formerly called Rockland State Hospital. Orangeburg Pipe was once manufactured here. Before plastic pipes it was the standard alternative to metal pipes especially for sewer and outdoor drainage applications.