Wurtsboro is a village located on U.S. Route 209 in the town of Mamakating in Sullivan County, New York, United States, near its junction with New York State Route 17 (which is being upgraded to Interstate standards and will be renumbered as Interstate 86). The population was 1,234 at the 2000 census.
The community was named after Maurice and William Wurts, brothers who built the Delaware and Hudson Canal, the first United States company capitalized at $1,000,000, and predecessor to the Delaware and Hudson Railway. Wurtsboro was formerly known as Mamakating Hollow.
At the turn of the 20th century, Wurtsboro became popular with many first-generation German and Russian immigrants from New York City, attracted to the area by its rusticity, and its resemblance to the high mountain villages in the countries from which they originated. They came up from the city by train. Remnants of the old tracks and a restored railroad station can still be seen in the village.