Hamilton is a city in Butler County, southwestern Ohio, United States. The population was 62,447 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Butler County. The city is part of the Cincinnati metropolitan area. The city's mayor is Patrick Moeller. Most of the city is in the Hamilton City School District. It has been named the number one urban school district in Ohio, and its superintendent, Janet Baker, has been named Ohio's superintendent of the year.
The industrial city is seeking to revitalize itself through the arts and was officially declared the 'City of Sculpture,' due to its efforts to bring many sculpture installations to the city and the Pyramid Hill Sculpture Park.
Hamilton, Ohio was founded in 1791 as Fort Hamilton [named to honor Alexander Hamilton], a frontier military fort intended primarily to serve as a supply station for the troops of Generals Arthur St.Clair and later Anthony Wayne whose armies were sent into the Miami Valley wilderness to drive out the Shawnee and Miami Indians to open the area for settlement. The fort was located on the Great Miami River where the east and west banks rose gradually and where the river was shallow during normal flow and easily forded by men, animals and wagons on a gravelly bottom. [to be an end note: At the fort's location at High Street and Monument Avenue there is a brass plaque showing the fort's outline superimposed on modern streets.] By 1800, the fort had been abandoned and Hamilton was becoming an agricultural and regional trading town. The town was platted, government was seated, and the town named by 1803.