Vermilion is a city in Erie and Lorain counties in Ohio, on the North Coast of the U.S.A. The population was 10,927 at the 2000 census. The current mayor is Eileen Bulan. The Lorain County portion of Vermilion is part of the Cleveland–Elyria–Mentor Metropolitan Statistical Area, while the Erie County portion is part of the Sandusky Metropolitan Statistical Area.
The nickname of Vermilion High School sports teams is "The Sailors", and many prominent Ship Captains of the Great Lakes have lived here. The area is noted for its many orchards, wineries, and roadside fruit and vegetable stands.
Vermilion was initially settled in the early 19th century and formed as a village in 1844. It was noted as a fishing and small boat harbor.The oldest permanent structure dates to 1811 (it is still a private residence). In 1847 the Congress of the United States built the Vermilion Lighthouse to aid navigation on Lake Erie.