Hugo is a city in and the county seat of Choctaw County in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of Oklahoma, bordering Texas. The 2009 population estimate was 5,395. The city serves as winter quarters for some circus performers. It is adjacent to the oldest school west of the Mississippi: Goodland Academy, begun in 1848. Notable people that lived here are Bill Moyers, B. J. Thomas, James Ling, and Weston Parker
The town is located in a cultural area of the state known as Little Dixie, as it was settled by Native American tribes, African Americans and European Americans from the Southeast United States. It is near the tourist area of Kiamichi Country.
The city was split in two by the construction of the railroad through town. Historically, to the south of the tracks is an African-American neighborhood, where the Booker T. Washington High school is located; north of the tracks is a European-American area, where the former General Robert E. Lee High is located (today it is called Hugo High School).