Ebensburg is a borough located in, and is the seat of, Cambria County, Pennsylvania, 16 miles (26 km) west of Altoona and surrounded by Cambria Township. It is situated in the Alleghenies about 2025 feet (617 m) above sea level. Ebensburg is located in a rich bituminous coal region. In the past, saw mills, tanneries, wool mills, a foundry, etc., operated there. The number of residents in 1900 was 1,574, and in 1910, 1,978. It is part of the Johnstown, Pennsylvania Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 3,091 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Cambria County.
Ebensburg originated in November of 1796, when Congregational Minister Rhees Lloyd led a small party of 20 Welsh from Philadelphia to the lands Morgan John Rhees had chosen for his Welsh colony. They selected an attractive spot in the tops of the Allegheny Mountains and there settled what would become Ebensburg, naming it for Eben Lloyd, who died in childhood. Lloyd offered land to the government in exchange for Ebensburg becoming the county seat, which the government accepted.
In the borough of Ebensburg, there are 3 public schools, and 2 private schools. Central Cambria High School, Central Cambria Middle School, and Cambria Elementary, 3 of the 4 schools of the Central Cambria School District, are located in the borough as are Bishop Carroll High School and Holy Name Elementary School. The fourth school in the Central Cambria School District, Jackson Elementary, is located about 5 miles (8.0 km) west of the borough, off of Route 22.