Shickshinny is a borough in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 959 at the 2000 census, and declined to 896 in the 2007 Economic Census.
According to the book Indian Villages and Place Names in Pennsylvania by Dr. George P Donehoo the community's name likely means "Fine Stream" in a local Native American language. However, according to The Shickshinny Historical Society the name "Shickshinny" means "Five Mountains" in a Native American language. The name comes from the nearby Shickshinny Creek at which five Appalachian Mountains meet (Newport, Knob, Lee, River and Rocky).
According to "The Founding of the Shickshinny Borough," an undated Suburban News article posted on the website of the Historical and Preservation Society of the Greater Shickshinny Area, "the first permanent settler in what became Shickshinny was Ralph Austin of Connecticut. This was the period of Connecticut jurisdiction of 1782."