Wyoming is a borough in the Greater Pittston area of Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, United States five miles (8 km) north of Wilkes Barre, on the Susquehanna River. Formerly, coal mining was the chief industry. In 1900, 1,909 people resided in Wyoming. There were 3,010 residents in 1910. The population was 3,221 at the 2000 census.
The Wyoming Monument marks the gravesite of victims of the July 1778 Battle of Wyoming. The battle was named for the Wyoming Valley of Pennsylvania, of which the current borough of Wyoming is a part.
A force of British and Tories led by John Butler, with the assistance of about 700 Native Americans attacked the outnumbered Wyoming Valley settlers on 3 July 1778, north of Wyoming in what is now Exeter Borough. The exact fatality count is not known, but it is estimated between 200 and 300 settlers were killed in the battle.