Spartanburg is the largest city in and the county seat of Spartanburg County, South Carolina, United States. It is the second-largest city of the three primary cities in the Upstate region of South Carolina, and is located 98 miles (158 km) northwest of Columbia, 80 miles (130 km) west of Charlotte, and about 190 miles (310 km) northeast of Atlanta.
Spartanburg's population was 37,013 at the 2010 census. However, the urbanized area of the city is much larger: the Spartanburg Metropolitan Statistical Area, corresponding to Spartanburg County, had a population of 284,307 at the 2010 census, and the area is included in the greater Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson Combined Statistical Area (population 1,266,995 at the 2010 census).
This region of the Carolina Piedmont was for centuries a cherished hunting ground of the Catawba and Cherokee tribes, which occupied land east and west of this area, respectively. This distant heritage can be glimpsed in some of the natural features.