Pharmaceutical Product Development, also known as PPD, is one of the leading contract research organizations in the world. Operational since 1985, the organization designs and develops various compound partnering programs. It serves clients in the pharmaceutical, biotechnology, medical device and education industries, as well as government organizations. The organization employs a staff of more than 10,000 individuals in over 40 countries throughout the world. Pharmaceutical Product Development offers biomarker, data management and medical writing services. The organization provides patient recruitment and site enrollment and program and regulatory management services. It offers e-technologies through its division, CSS Informatics. Pharmaceutical Product Development provides pharmacology and toxicology consultation services.