Sparta is a city in White County, Tennessee, United States. The population was 4,599 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of White County. It was the hometown of Lester Flatt of the bluegrass music legends Flatt and Scruggs.
Sparta is located at 35°55′56″N 85°28′11″W / 35.93222°N 85.46972°W / 35.93222; -85.46972 (35.932335, -85.469837), approximately fifteen miles south of Cookeville. The city is situated on the Highland Rim, near the base of the western escarpment of the Cumberland Plateau. The Calfkiller River traverses Sparta north-to-south en route to its confluence with the Caney Fork several miles to the south.
Sparta is centered just east of the junction of U.S. Route 70, which connects Sparta with Knoxville to the east and Nashville to the west, and State Route 111, which connects Sparta with Kentucky to the north and Chattanooga to the south.