Caldwell is a city in Burleson County, Texas, United States. The population was 3,449 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Burleson County. It is part of the Bryan-College Station metropolitan area.
In 1993, the Reeves-Womack House in Caldwell was added to the National Register of Historic Places. The house was built in the latter 1890s by the merchant-banker William Reeves (1858–1921). He sold the late Victorian structure in 1907 to Mansell Lewis Womack (born 1846) a former Burleson County sheriff. Womack heirs owned the house, located at 405 Fox Steet, until 1957.
Caldwell is the home of the Czech Heritage Museum, which is open to the public on Saturdays from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. The annual Kolache Festival, a celebration of Czech heritage named for a type of pastry, is held in Caldwell the second weekend of September.