China is a city in Jefferson County, Texas, United States. The population was 1,160 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Beaumont–Port Arthur Metropolitan Statistical Area.
The town is supported by agriculture, especially rice, and by the nearby oil and natural gas fields.
China was first known as "China Grove", for a water stop for the Texas and New Orleans Railroad that sat amidst a grove of chinaberry trees. In the 1860s a small community grew around the water stop, and another a few miles away named Nashland. A post office with the name "China" was established there in 1893. When fire destroyed the China Grove depot in 1906, the railroad rebuilt in the larger Nashland area, but retained the established name "China" as the name of the depot. The Nashland post office changed its name to China shortly afterward. It wasn't until 1971 that the (now-merged) community voted to incorporate as the city of China, Texas.