Tenaha is a town in Shelby County, Texas, United States- established February 2, 1886. The population was 1,046 at the 2000 census. The town's name is taken from the Caddo language for "Muddy Water". (According to An Informal History of Texas by Frank X. Tolbert, "Tenaha" is the Caddo word for "urine.")
In 2009 Tenaha has become the subject of a class action over allegations that local police regularly made improper seizures of cash, jewelry, and property from African-American or Latino motorists passing through the town. Arrested drivers were given a choice of either going to jail on money-laundering felony charges or handing over all their valuables in order to be allowed to walk free. In one case a couple surrendered $6,000 to keep their children out of child protection services.
Tenaha is located at 31°56′39″N 94°14′47″W / 31.94417°N 94.24639°W / 31.94417; -94.24639 (31.944062, -94.246274).