Lebanon is a town in Russell County, Virginia, United States. The population was 3,273 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Russell County.
Lebanon is located at 36°54′3″N 82°4′37″W / 36.90083°N 82.07694°W / 36.90083; -82.07694 (36.900912, -82.076988).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 4.1 square miles (10.6 km²), all of it land.