Madison is a town in Madison County, Virginia, United States. The population was 210 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Madison County.
Madison is located at 38°22′51″N 78°15′29″W / 38.38083°N 78.25806°W / 38.38083; -78.25806 (38.380865, -78.258089).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.2 square miles (0.6 km²), all of it land.