Chilhowie is a town in Smyth County, Virginia, United States.Chilhowie, pronounced Chil·´how·ee, the Cherokee word meaning “valley of many deer,” was adopted as the town’s name when the town became incorporated in 1913. The population was 1,827 at the 2000 census. Chris Marion of the classic rock band, Little River Band, Eric McClure a Nascar Nationwide Series driver, Ben Huff, Colonel, USAF, and "Nature Boy" Buddy Landel the professional wrestler, are notable residents.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.6 square miles (6.7 km²), all of it land.
Chilhowie was often the starting point of Longhunter expeditions.