Evansville is a city in Rock County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 4,039 at the 2000 census (2005 estimate: 4,658). Since 2000, Evansville's population has increased over 21%. It is currently the fastest growing community in Rock County.
Evansville was first settled in the 1830s by New Englanders who were attracted to the area by its pristine wooded landscape and the placid Allen Creek. By 1855, the city recorded its first plat and was complete with homes, shops, and churches.
In 1863, the Chicago and North Western Railway came to Evansville, accelerating growth. At this point, Evansville's economy was based on the surrounding agriculture, mainly wheat and tobacco.