Mauston is a city in and the county seat of Juneau County, Wisconsin, United States. The population is 4,411 according to the 2010 census.
Mauston was founded by Milton M. Maughs. The town was originally named Maughs Town after Maughs. The town's beginning was based on the lumber industry of early Wisconsin. The history of Mauston is currently preserved in the Boorman House on Union Street.
The city and surrounding area is served by the Mauston Area School District, which provides a 4-year-old kindergarten through senior high education. District schools include West Side Elementary (grades 4K-2), Grayside Elementary (grades 3-5), Olson Middle School (which is housed in the former high school and serves grades 6, 7, and 8), and Mauston High School, which opened its doors in 2001. Lyndon Station Elementary School, which houses grades K-5, is located in nearby Lyndon Station.