Buckhannon is the only incorporated city in, and the county seat of, Upshur County, West Virginia, United States, and is located along the Buckhannon River. The population was 5,725 at the 2000 census. Buckhannon is home to West Virginia Wesleyan College and the West Virginia Strawberry Festival, held annually on the third week of May. The city is located 115 miles northeast from the capital city of Charleston and 140 miles south of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The Sago Mine Tragedy occurred just outside of Buckhannon on January 2, 2006, resulting in the deaths of 12 of 13 trapped miners. At the time, the tragedy was one of the worst mining accidents in the United States for several years and attracted significant national news coverage.
The city lies in the foothills of the Allegheny Mountains. The elevation at the county courthouse is 1,432 feet above sea level. Buckhannon is located at 38°59′21″N 80°13′27″W / 38.989237°N 80.224254°W / 38.989237; -80.224254 (38.989237, -80.224254).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.5 square miles (6.4 km2), all of it land.