Jeddah Tower: The Skyward Ascent of Saudi Arabia's Architectural Vision

By: MapQuest Travel  | 
Jeddah Tower
Work stopped on Jeddah Tower (seen here in 2021), which has faced several challenges, and as of 2023, there is no certainty of when construction will resume. Omarnizar05/CC BY-SA 4.0/Wikipedia

Jeddah Tower, previously known as the Kingdom Tower, is a remarkable skyscraper located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. This architectural marvel is an emblem of modernization and progress.

The tower has a fascinating history and background that showcases the vision and ambition of its creators. The design and architecture of Jeddah Tower are awe-inspiring, characterized by its immense height and sustainable features.


While not yet complete, the tower plans to offer various key features and attractions, including an observation deck, complete with breathtaking views and luxury amenities for a world-class experience. The finished Jeddah Tower will hold immense significance and impact, symbolizing the continued advancement of Saudi Arabia and contributing to its economic growth and tourism industry.

Like any large-scale construction project, there have been challenges and controversies surrounding Jeddah Tower, including construction delays and structural and safety concerns that have raised questions about its completion and viability.

In this article, we will explore the fascinating world of Jeddah Tower, delving into its history, design, significance and the challenges it faces.


History and Background of Jeddah Tower

Jeddah Tower, formerly known as Kingdom Tower, is currently under construction in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. This ambitious skyscraper aims to become the world's tallest building, surpassing the current record set by the Burj Khalifa, which comes in at 2,716 feet (828 meters).

The construction of Jeddah Tower began in 2013 but work stopped a few years later. There is no concrete completion date at the moment. Renowned architect Adrian Smith, who also designed the Burj Khalifa and is part of Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture, is responsible for the design of this impressive structure.


The history and background of Jeddah Tower trace back to 2008 when the Saudi Arabian government announced its plan to construct a landmark tower in Jeddah. This tower, which has faced financial setbacks and engineering obstacles, serves as a symbol of Saudi Arabia's ambition and modernization efforts.

Once finished, Jeddah Tower will stand at a height of over 1 kilometer (3,281 feet) and will feature multiple floors dedicated to residential, commercial and hotel purposes. Its design incorporates sustainable and energy-efficient features, minimizing its environmental impact.

As a result, this tower will not only enhance the city skyline but also showcase Saudi Arabia's progress and embrace the future of architecture and engineering. Throughout history, iconic structures have played a crucial role in defining the identity of cities and countries. They serve as testimonies to human creativity, ingenuity and ambition.

Jeddah Tower will undoubtedly leave a lasting impression on all who witness its grandeur and become a symbol of Saudi Arabia's eminence in the global architecture landscape.


Design and Architecture of Jeddah Tower

With its remarkable design and architecture plans, Jeddah Tower is a true marvel of engineering. In this section, we'll explore the captivating aspects of its height and structure, as well as its sustainable features. Get ready to be in awe of the towering height and impressive structural elements, while also learning about the eco-friendly innovations that make this architectural masterpiece truly exceptional.

Height and Structure

The remarkable engineering and design feats of Jeddah Tower will be evident in its height and structure. When completed, it will stand at a staggering 1,000 meters (3,281 feet) and become the tallest building in the world. The tower's design features a reinforced concrete core complemented by a bundled tube design, providing exceptional strength and stability even at extreme heights. This innovative architecture enables the tower to endure high winds and seismic activity, prioritizing the safety of its occupants. Notably, the tower's base is wider than its top, creating an elegant tapering effect that contributes to its structural stability.


To further bolster its structural integrity, engineers have implemented cutting-edge technologies. With an advanced system in place, the building could effectively counteract swaying and vibrations caused by external forces, particularly strong winds, thereby ensuring a smooth and stable experience for both residents and visitors alike.

The exceptional height and unique structure of Jeddah Tower serve as a remarkable testament to the capabilities of human engineering. It acts as a beacon of ambition and progress, destined to become an iconic landmark that attracts tourists from around the globe, subsequently bolstering the local economy. Undoubtedly, the tower's towering height and architectural marvel will leave an indelible impression on all those fortunate enough to behold it.

Sustainable Features

The sustainable features of Jeddah Tower make it an architectural marvel, contributing to its eco-friendly design and reducing its environmental impact. These features include energy efficiency, renewable energy, water conservation, waste management and green spaces.

The tower incorporates energy-efficient technologies and design elements to minimize energy consumption. This includes efficient lighting systems, insulation and HVAC systems. In addition, Jeddah Tower will utilize solar power to generate electricity, with solar panels installed on the building's roof and facades.

Water conservation is also a priority for the tower, which is why they plan to implement measures like low-flow fixtures and water-efficient landscaping. The tower will also employ rainwater harvesting systems for irrigation purposes.

Moreover, Jeddah Tower promotes waste reduction and recycling by having recycling facilities and waste separation systems available.

The tower also incorporates green spaces and gardens, improving air quality and reducing the urban heat island effect.


Key Features and Attractions of Jeddah Tower

When the building is finally complete, its incredible features and attractions will be sure to surprise visitors. In this section, we'll uncover the thrilling experiences that will await you at the observation deck. Prepare to indulge in the heights and breathtaking views that this architectural marvel will offer. But that's not all — we'll also explore the luxurious amenities that will make Jeddah Tower a truly unforgettable destination. So, buckle up and get ready to embark on an unforgettable journey through this architectural masterpiece.

Observation Deck

The observatory deck at Jeddah Tower will be a must-visit for anyone looking to take in the breathtaking views of the cityscape. At an awe-inspiring proposed height of about 2,100 feet (644 meters), or level 157, this remarkable structure will immerse visitors in the vast expanse of the sky and the vibrant city below. With its state-of-the-art design, the deck will guarantee a safe and enjoyable experience for all.


Upon stepping onto the deck, visitors will see stunning panoramic views that showcase the remarkable architecture and expansive landscape of the city. Mockups of the deck show a circular platform with glass-bottomed walkways near the perimeter.

Luxury Amenities

  • Jeddah Tower will have a spa and wellness center with massage rooms, sauna, steam rooms and relaxation lounges.
  • Various high-end restaurants will offer a variety of culinary delights.
  • Jeddah Tower will feature exclusive shopping with designer boutiques and luxury brands.

These luxury amenities will enhance the living experience at Jeddah Tower, providing unparalleled comfort and convenience. One day, residents and guests will enjoy spa treatments and gourmet cuisine, experiencing a truly luxurious lifestyle.


Significance and Impact of Jeddah Tower

Jeddah Tower, a towering marvel of architectural brilliance, will hold immense significance and impact various aspects of its surroundings. In this section, we'll uncover the symbolic representation of progress and modernization that Jeddah Tower will stand for. We'll delve into the economic and tourism boosts that this monumental structure will bring to the vibrant cityscape. So get ready to explore the remarkable influence that Jeddah Tower will cast on its surroundings.

Symbol of Progress and Modernization

Jeddah Tower will become a magnificent embodiment of progress and modernization, standing tall as a symbol of ambition and innovation. As the eventual tallest building in the world, it will proudly display the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia's determination to lead on a global scale. The more-than-1-kilometer- (3,281-foot-) high building will symbolize the city's relentless pursuit of progress and greatness. Its forward-thinking design and state-of-the-art technology will further accentuate its role in shaping modernization but still nod to Saudi Arabia’s past.


As a Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture press release states, “The sleek, streamlined form of the tower can be interpreted as a reference to the folded fronds of young desert plan growth. The way the fronds sprout upward from the ground as a single form, then start separating from each other at the top, is an analogy of new growth fused with technology. While the design is contextual to Saudi Arabia, it also represents an evolution and a refinement of an architectural continuum of skyscraper designer.”

More than a physical marvel andvisual representation of Saudi Arabia's vision and transformation, Jeddah Tower will beckon tourists, investors and businesses alike, instilling a sense of national pride that unites and inspires people.

Economic and Tourism Boost

With the proposed amenities and a hotel, increasing tourism is one of the priorities with Jeddah Tower. As the Jeddah Tower website explains, “Despite being located in a desert, the tower will be the centerpiece of the Jeddah economic city, a government-approved project in Jeddah to be a host of residential and commercial buildings, which will be established in the region.”


Challenges and Controversies Surrounding Jeddah Tower

Jeddah Tower, the iconic skyscraper soaring high toward the sky, has encountered its fair share of challenges and controversies. From construction delays to structural and safety concerns, this section peels back the layers of this architectural marvel. Discover the setbacks and obstacles that have riddled its development, leaving us questioning its feasibility and impact. Brace yourself for a captivating journey into the gritty reality behind Jeddah Tower's rise to prominence.

Construction Delays

Construction delays have significantly impacted the timeline and completion of Jeddah Tower. The complexity of constructing such a tall and innovative structure poses a major challenge, resulting in these delays. The height and unique design not only require careful planning and execution but also necessitate advanced engineering techniques and materials. These factors have further contributed to the delays experienced by the construction team.


The construction team has had to navigate through technical obstacles while ensuring safety and stability, prolonging the construction process. External factors such as weather conditions and logistical issues have also played a role in the delays. Although some of these factors are beyond the control of the construction team, they have still affected the project's progress.

Structural and Safety Concerns

  • Jeddah Tower faces both structural and safety concerns due to its height of over 1,000 meters (more than 3,000 feet). The challenges include wind loads, which can potentially affect the structural integrity of the tower.
  • Ensuring the safety of occupants and visitors is of utmost importance for Jeddah Tower. To address this, comprehensive safety measures are implemented to guarantee prompt evacuation and fire safety, following the highest safety standards.
  • Given the tower's immense weight and height, maintaining a stable foundation is crucial for Jeddah Tower's overall structural stability.
  • Aerodynamic design principles are applied to minimize wind forces and maintain the tower's stability, particularly during strong wind events.
  • The performance and quality of materials used in construction play a vital role in preserving the tower's structural integrity. Hence, strict quality control measures are enforced throughout the construction process.
  • In order to fulfill safety requirements, Jeddah Tower must comply with relevant safety regulations and building codes. This necessitates regular inspections and certifications to ensure ongoing compliance.

This article was created using AI technology, then fact-checked and edited by a MapQuest editor.


Frequently Asked Questions About the Jeddah Tower

What is Jeddah Tower?
Jeddah Tower, previously known as Kingdom Tower, is a skyscraper construction project in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. It is planned to be the world's tallest building upon completion, standing at least 1,000 meters (3,281 feet) tall, surpassing the Burj Khalifa.
When did the construction of Jeddah Tower start?
The construction of Jeddah Tower started in 2013.
Who is the architect of Jeddah Tower?
American architect Adrian Smith, who also designed the Burj Khalifa, is the architect behind Jeddah Tower.
What is the current status of Jeddah Tower?
The construction of Jeddah Tower is currently on hold, and there is no firm timeline for completion.
What is the height of Jeddah Tower?
The Jeddah Tower is planned to be over 1,000 meters (3,281 feet) tall.
What are some unique features of Jeddah Tower?
Some unique features of Jeddah Tower will include its observatory (the world's highest) and separate outdoor balcony, as well as its design inspired by folded fronds of young desert plant growth.