Temperance is an unincorporated community in Bedford Township, Monroe County in the U.S. state of Michigan. It is a census-designated place (CDP) for statistical purposes. The population was 7,757 at the 2000 census. The Temperance ZIP code, 48182, serves most of Bedford Township outside of the Lambertville area, as well as portions of western Erie Township, southern Ida Township, and northeast Whiteford Township. Temperance was established as Bedford Center in 1859. On December 8, 1884 a post office was established at Bedford Center and was named Temperance with Lewis Ansted as the first Postmaster. The name "Temperance" was suggested by the wife of one of the founding land owners, who was a member of the Women's Christian Temperance Union. A petition was circulated and the name Bedford Center was changed to Temperance. During the early years of Temperance, the sale and consumption of alcoholic beverages was prohibited (see Temperance Towns).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 4.7 square miles (12.0 km²), of which, 4.6 square miles (11.9 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (1.08%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 7,757 people, 2,857 households, and 2,177 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,688.0 per square mile (651.1/km²). There were 2,953 housing units at an average density of 642.6 per square mile (247.9/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 98.10% White, 0.19% African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.40% from other races, and 0.62% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.93% of the population.