Louisburg is a town in Franklin County, North Carolina, in the United States. As of the 2000 census, the town population was 3,111. It is the county seat of Franklin County. It is also the home of Louisburg College, considered the oldest two-year coeducational college in the United States, and of one of the campuses of Vance-Granville Community College.
Louisburg was established in the 1770s and named in honor of King Louis XVI of France, who was aiding the American Revolution at the time. It is the birthplace of author Edwin Wiley Fuller, home of the International Whistlers Convention, and site of the last hanging in North Carolina, chronicled in the book The Day The Black Rain Fell, by William F. Shelton and James S. Warren. "Black rain" actually did fall in Louisburg in March 1900. Louisburg was the home of one governor of North Carolina, Thomas W. Bickett.
Louisburg is located at 36°06′01″N 78°17′56″W / 36.100413°N 78.299009°W / 36.100413; -78.299009 (36.100413, -78.299009), on the banks of the Tar River.